Welcome to the Resources page! Here we have collected and categorized important PAR resources that we hope are useful. Most of the videos, sites, and articles are freely available–you can use the links provided for full access. Some books and articles require academic institutional access or purchase, so those links will provide abstracts or summaries instead.
There are a few other ways to acquire resources that require institutional access if you are not affiliated with a college or university:
- If you are interested in reading books about PAR, public libraries are good places to start looking for what you need.
- Some colleges and universities also provide access to community members.
- Carleton College, for example, provides borrowing privileges for members of surrounding communities. Other institutions like the University of Minnesota provide access to physical materials within the library for community members.
- Buying books online or from independent bookstores is another option.
- If you are interested in academic articles that are not open-source, try contacting the authors to express your interest in their work–some sites that host academic articles also provide contact information or you can look up their information through their institutions.
If you want to conduct more research on PAR topics on your own, Google Scholar can help you narrow down your search to academic sources and it can connect you to sites that house accessible books and articles.
If there is a resource about PAR that you think should be added to our page, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Social Justice Toolbox
- Community Toolbox
- CUNY Critical Institute in New York holds annual Critical PAR workshops.
- Minnesota Campus Compact often has information about PAR-related workshops -- please check their website to see announcements of upcoming workshops.
- Power mapping tool by the University of Denver
- The Journal of Participatory Methods.
Documents/files from websites:
- Research Partnership Checklist (University of Minnesota) to help collaborators create a plan and Memorandum of Understanding (MOU).
- The 6 Tenets of Community-Institutional Collaboration (Susan Gust and Cathy Jordan, University of Minnesota).
- Greenwood, D. J., & Levin, M. (2007). Introduction to action research. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. doi: 10.4135/9781412984614
Harter, Lynn M., et al. Participatory Partnerships for Social Action and Research. Kendall Hunt Pub. Co., 2011. Read the abstract here.
- Kemmis, S., McTaggart, R., & Nixon, R. (2013). The action research planner: Doing critical participatory action research. Springer Science & Business Media. Read the abstract here.
- McNiff, J. (2013). Action research: Principles and practice. Routledge. Read the abstract here.
- Stoudt, B., Torre, M., Bartley, P., Bracy, F., Caldwell, H., Downs, A., & Yates, J. (2015). Participatory action research and policy change. C., Durose, L. Richardson,(Eds.), Designing public policy for co-production: Theory, practice and change, 125-137. Read the book information here.
- Torre, María Elena & Fine, Michelle & Stoudt, B. & Fox, Madeline. (2012). Critical participatory action research as public science. APA handbook of research methods in psychology. 171-184. Read the abstract here.
- Zeller-Berkman, S. (2014). Lineages: A Past, Present, and Future of Participatory Action Research (1st ed.). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199811755.013.026. Read the abstract here.
- Brydon-Miller, Mary & Greenwood, Davydd & Maguire, Patricia. (2003). Why Action Research?. Action Research - ACTION RES. 1. 9-28. 10.1177/14767503030011002. Read the abstract and full article here.
- Torre, M. E., & Ayala, J. (2009). Envisioning Participatory Action Research Entremundos. Feminism & Psychology, 19(3), 387–393. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959353509105630
- Stoudt, Brett. (2009). The Role of Language & Discourse in the Investigation of Privilege: Using Participatory Action Research to Discuss Theory, Develop Methodology, & Interrupt Power. The Urban Review. 41. 7-28. 10.1007/s11256-008-0093-y. Read the abstract here.
- Gust, S. and Jordan, C. The Community Impact Statement: A tool for creating healthy partnerships. Minneapolis, 2006.
Related to PAR Ethics:
- Brydon-Miller, M., & Greenwood, D. (2006). A re-examination of the relationship between action research and human subjects review processes. Action Research, 4(1), 117–128. Read the abstract here.
- Elliott, T., & Pedler, M. (2018). Collaborative knowledge and intellectual property: an action learning conundrum. Action Learning: Research and Practice, 15, 18 - 27. Read the abstract here.
- First Nations Centre. (2007). Considerations and Templates for Ethical Research Practices. Ottawa: National Aboriginal Health Organization. Read the full article here.
- Greenwood, D. J., Brydon-Miller, M., & Shafer, C. (2006). Intellectual property and action research. Action Research, 4(1), 81–95. Read the abstract here.
- Littman, D.M., Bender, K.A., Mollica, M., Erangey, J., Lucas, T., & Marvin, C. (2020). Making power explicit: Using values and power mapping to guide power-diverse Participatory Action Research processes. Journal of community psychology. Read the abstract here.
- Moodie, Sue. (2010). Power, rights, respect and data ownership in academic research with indigenous peoples. Environmental research. 110. 818-20. 10.1016/j.envres.2010.08.005.
- Schnarch, Brian. (2004). Ownership, Control, Access, and Possession (OCAP) or Self-Determination Applied to Research: A Critical Analysis of Contemporary First Nations Research and Some Options for First Nations Communities. Journal of Aboriginal Health. 1. 80-95. Read the full article here.
School-related research projects:
Science-related research project:
- Cammarota, J., & Fine, M. (Eds.). (2010). Revolutionizing education: Youth participatory action research in motion. Routledge. Read the abstract here.
- Delgado, M., & Staples, L. (2008). Youth-led community organizing : theory and action . Oxford University Press. Read the abstract here.
- Noffke, S. E., & Somekh, B. (2009). The SAGE handbook of educational action research: Sage. Read the abstract here.
- Paris, D., & Winn, M. T. (2013). Humanizing research: Decolonizing qualitative inquiry with youth and communities: Sage Publications. Read the description here.
- Cahill, C. (2010). 'Why do they hate us ?' Reframing immigration through participatory action research. Area, 42(2), 152-161. Read the abstract here.
- Fox, Madeline. (2015). Embodied Methodologies, Participation, and the Art of Research. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. 9. 10.1111/spc3.12182. Read the abstract here.
- Fine, Michelle. (2009). Postcards from Metro America: Reflections on Youth Participatory Action Research for Urban Justice. The Urban Review. 41. 1-6. 10.1007/s11256-008-0099-5. Read the article here.
- Irizarry, J. (2011). Buscando la Libertad: Latino youths in search of freedom in school. Democracy & Education, 19(1), 1–. Read the abstract here.
- Red Hook Young Adults. “Real Rites Research: Young Adults’ Experiences of Violence and Dreams of Community-Led Solutions in Red Hook, Brooklyn.” Red Hook Initiative, 2019. Read about their findings here.
- Cochran-Smith, M., & Lytle, S. L. (2009). Inquiry as stance: Practitioner research for the next generation. Teachers College Press. Read the abstract here.
- Giles, H.C. (2014). Risky Epistemology: Connecting with Others and Dissonance in Community-Based Research. Michigan Journal of Community Service-Learning, 20, 65-78. Read the abstract and full article here.
- Hicks, T., Seymour, L., & Puppo, A. (2015). Democratic relationships in service-learning: Moving beyond traditional faculty, student, and community partner roles. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 22(1), 105-109. Read the full article here.
- Morton, K., & Bergbauer, S. (2015). A case for community: Starting with relationships and prioritizing community as method in service-learning. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 22(1), 18–32. Read the abstract and find the full PDF here.
- Bordeaux, B.C., Wiley, C., Tandon, S.D., Horowitz, C.R., Brown, P.B., & Bass, E.B. (2007). Guidelines for Writing Manuscripts About Community-Based Participatory Research for Peer-Reviewed Journals. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action 1(3), 281-288. Read the abstract here.
- Fine, Michelle & Torre, María Elena. (2004). Re-membering exclusions: Participatory action research in public institutions. Qualitative Research in Psychology. 1. 15-37. 10.1191/1478088704qp003oa. Read the abstract here.
- Johnson, C. E., Ali, S. A., & Shipp, M. P. (2009). Building community-based participatory research partnerships with a Somali refugee community. American journal of preventive medicine, 37(6 Suppl 1), S230–S236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.09.036. Read the summary here.
- Lightfoot, E., Blevins, J., Lum, T., & Dube, A. (2016). Cultural Health Assets of Somali and Oromo Refugees and Immigrants in Minnesota: Findings from a Community-Based Participatory Research Project. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved, 27(1), 252–260. Read the abstract here.
- Miner S, Liebel DV, Wilde MH, Carroll J, Omar S. (2017) Using a Clinical Outreach Project to Foster a Community-Engaged Research Partnership With Somali Families. Progress in Community Health Partnerships : Research, Education, and Action. 11(1):53-59. Read the abstract here.
- Rajaram, S. S. (2007). An Action-Research Project: Community Lead Poisoning Prevention. Teaching Sociology, 35(2), 138–150. Read the abstract and full article here.
- Stanlick, S., & Sell, M. (2016). Beyond superheroes and sidekicks: Empowerment, efficacy, and education in community partnerships. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 23(1), 80–84. Read the abstract and find the full PDF here.
Related to PAR Ethics:
- Banks, S.M., Armstrong, A.C., Carter, K., Graham, H., Hayward, P., Henry, A., Holland, T., Holmes, C., Lee, A., McNulty, A.M., Moore, N., Nayling, N., Stokoe, A., & Strachan, A. (2013). Everyday ethics in community-based participatory research. Contemporary Social Science, 8, 263 - 277. Read the abstract (and the full article!) here.
- Baumann, A., Domenech Rodríguez, M., & Parra-Cardona, J. R. (2011). Community-based applied research with Latino immigrant families: informing practice and research according to ethical and social justice principles. Family process, 50(2), 132–148. Read the abstract here.
- Catriona Mackenzie, Christopher McDowell, Eileen Pittaway, Beyond ‘Do No Harm’: The Challenge of Constructing Ethical Relationships in Refugee Research, Journal of Refugee Studies, Volume 20, Issue 2, June 2007, Pages 299–319, Read the abstract here.
- Eggerth, Donald & Flynn, Michael. (2010). When the Third World Comes to the First: Ethical Considerations When Working With Hispanic Immigrants. ETHICS & BEHAVIOR. 20. 229-242. 10.1080/10508421003798968. Read the abstract here.
- Mikesell, Lisa & Bromley, Elizabeth & Khodyakov, Dmitry. (2013). Ethical Community-Engaged Research: A Literature Review. American journal of public health. 103. 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301605. Read the abstract here.
- Clark-Taylor A. (2017). Developing critical consciousness and social justice self-efficacy: Lessons from feminist community engagement student narratives. Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 21, 81–116. Read the abstract and find the full PDF here.
- Fine, M., & Torre, M. E. (2006). Intimate details: Participatory action research in prison. Action Research, 4(3), 253–269. Read the abstract here.